Using school scholarships to estimate the effect of private education on the academic achievement of low-income students in Chile

Andrea Repetto

School choice is a topic of vigorous debate among academics and policy makers worldwide. The fundamental theory behind school choice is that private schools are more efficient than public schools; therefore, giving parents the option of sending their children to private schools creates a competitive market that improves the quality of both private and public schools. There have been many evaluations of experimental school choice programs.1 The findings of these studies suggest that students who used vouchers to attend private schools perform better on standardized tests